Stephen Harper is the Conservative Member of Parliament for Calgary Heritage. He was first elected to the House of Commons in 1993 as the Reform Party of Canada MP for Calgary West and became Prime Minister in a minority government in 2006. In 2011 he led the Conservative Party to a majority.
After serving one term as an MP, Harper stepped down in 1997 to become Vice President (later President) of the National Citizens Coalition, a non-partisan Canadian organization that advocates for individual freedoms and accountable government.
In 2002, Harper won the leadership of the Canadian Alliance, became Leader of the Official Opposition and returned to the House as MP for Calgary Southwest.
In 2003, the members of the Canadian Alliance and the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada voted to unite as the new Conservative Party of Canada, and selected Harper as their first leader. Under his leadership, the Conservatives gained 25 seats in the 2004 federal election, largely as a result of a major breakthrough in Canada’s most populous province, Ontario. Two years later, Canadians gave Harper and his party a mandate to form a Conservative government for the first time in 13 years.
Harper resigned as leader of the Conservative Party after the Liberal majority win of October 2015.
Stephen Harper was born in Toronto and moved to Alberta in 1978 to work in the petroleum industry. He went on to obtain both a Bachelor’s and a Master’s degree in economics from the University of Calgary. Mr. Harper and his wife Laureen have two children and maintain a permanent home in Calgary.