Thomas Joseph (Tom) Mulcair is the Member of Parliament for Outremont, Quebec. He was first elected to the House of Commons in 2007. He has been the leader of the New Democratic Party of Canada since March 24, 2012 and is also the party’s critic for intergovernmental affairs and energy.
A lawyer by trade, Mulcair began a private law practice in 1985. He also worked as a senior civil servant in the Quebec provincial government and taught law at the university level. His commitment to public service eventually led him to politics, and he entered the Quebec National Assembly in the 1994 election, winning the riding of Chomedey as a member of the Quebec Liberal Party.
Mulcair says he ran as a Liberal because at the time, it was the only credible federalist political party in Quebec. He was reelected in 1998, and again in 2003. He was the Member for Chomedey until 2007. He served as the Minister of Sustainable Development, Environment and Parks from 2003 until 2006, in the Liberal government of Premier Jean Charest.
In 2007, Mulcair moved from provincial to federal politics and accepted Jack Layton’s invitation to join his New Democratic Party team. Elected MP for Outremont in a by-election in 2008, he was named coDeputy Leader of the NDP shortly afterwards. He the first New Democrat to win a riding in Quebec during a federal general election.
On May 26, 2011, he was named Opposition House Leader and also served as the NDP’s Quebec lieutenant. After Layton’s death in 2012, Mulcair was elected to lead the party.
Mulcair and his wife Catherine Pinhas, a public-health psychologist, have raised two sons, Matt, a police sergeant in the Quebec provincial police, and Greg, a college physics professor. They also have two grandchildren.