First elected to the House of Commons in 2008, Marc Garneau has been named the new government’s Minister of Transport.
Before the 2015 election Garneau was the party’s critic for Foreign Affairs and La Francophonie. He has previously served as the Liberal Party’s critic for Industry, Science and Technology, the leader’s representative in Québec, and the House Leader.
Garneau started his career as a combat systems engineer with the Royal Canadian Navy.
He was promoted to Commander in 1982 and then Captain in 1986. He retired from the navy in 1989 after being seconded to the Canadian Astronaut Program, one of six applicants chosen from over 4,000.
Garneau became the first Canadian astronaut to fly in space in 1984 when he flew on the shuttle Challenger. After his retirement from the Canadian Forces, Garneau was named Deputy Director of the Canadian Astronaut Program, providing technical and program support. He has logged over 677 hours in space over three flights.
In 2001 Garneau was appointed Executive Vice President of the Canadian Space Agency and promoted to President later that year.
Garneau has served as the co-chair of the Liberal Party’s International Affairs Council of Advisors. He ran for the leadership of the party in 2013 before withdrawing to support Justin Trudeau.
Garneau is a Companion of the Order of Canada. He is also an honorary Captain of the Royal Canadian Sea Cadets. He was awarded the Canadian Forces Decoration for his years of service.